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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
October 30, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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October 30, 1997

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Food, Health and Fitness Pahrump Valley Gazette, Thursday, October 30, 1997 13 Memory seemed as natural to us as breathing and The Chopping Block by Philomena Corradeno Whether for only your family, for trick-or-treat callers or for your community center party, make baking a part of the celebration. If the children are old enough, let them help. If you're enthusiastic they will be too. Incidentally, "Better Homes and Gardens" has just publi shed their "New Junior Cookbook" (Meredith Books, 1997; $15.95), a hard-cover, open-fiat, spiral-bound col- lection of recipes that were taste-tested by a large group of pupils from a Des Moines, Iowa, elementary school. While photos show most of the finished dishes, cartoon drawings run throughout the book, without cluttering it or obscuring the print. Right up front, the youngsters are given kitchen safety facts and guidelines for food safety. The last few pages are directed to parents. But back to Halloween. Here are easy recipes for maple-flavored cookies and lightly spiced, nutty, carrot cupcakes to enjoy anytime, anda simple icing. It's the shape of the cookies and how they are decorated that put them in their own special time slot: orange, black and brown for Halloween, red and green for Christmas, etc. i IIIIII I I III I I I I HALLOWEEN COOKIES 4 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 2 teaspoons cream of tartar 1 teaspoon baking soda 1/2 teaspoon salt 1 cup (2 sticks) butter or margarine, softened 3/4 cup packed light brown sugar 1/2 cup maple-flavored syrup 1/2 teaspoon maple extract (optional) 2 large eggs In large bowl, combine flour, cream of tartax, baking soda and salt. In a seeund large bowl with mixer on low speed, combine butter and brown sugar. Add maple syrup and flavoring and then the eggs. Add flour mix- ture; beat until well blended, occasionally scraping bowl with rubber tula. S dough into unds, wrap and refrigerate at least one hour or until easy to roll out. Preheat oven to 350F. Lightly grease a large cookie sheet. Working with one round of the dough at a time (keep the remainder refrigerated), roll out dough on a lightly floured surface. Use Halloween cookie cutters to cut out pumpkins, cats, and other shapes. Transfer imme- diately to a cookie sheet. (Dough must stay very cold or it becomes difficult to cut and transfer.) Bake cookies 10 minutes or until golden. With a pancake turner, remove to wire racks to cool. Repeat with remaining chilled dough and trimmings. Decorate cookies as desired. Store in a tightly covered container. Makes three to four dozen cookies, depending on size. CARROT CUPCAKES 1 cup all-purpose flour 3/4 cup sugar 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon salt 2 large eggs 3 tablespoons frozen orange juice concentrate, thawed 1/3 cup vegetable oil I teaspoon vanilla extract 1 cup shredded carrots I/2 cup raisins 1/2 cup chopped walnuts or pecans Preheat oven to 350F. Place paper liners in one dozen - .? three-inch muffin pan cups, In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar, baking soda, cinnamon, and salt. In a small bowl, beat eggs lightly. Stir in orange juice concentrate, veg- etable oil and vanilla. Stir egg mixture, carrots, raisins, and nuts into flour mixture just until flour is moistened. Spoon into cups, filling each a little over half full. Bake 20 minutes or until toothpick inserted in the center of one cupcake comes out clean. Cool in pan on wire rack 10 minutes; remove from pan and cool completely. Frost as desired. CONFECTIONERS' SUGAR ICING 2 cups sifted confectioners' sugar Milk, about 1 1/2 tablespoons Brown, orange and black food coloring In a bowl, mix sugar and enough milk to produce a thick spreading consistency. Divide icing among 3 small bowls, to each of 3 bowls, add one of the food colors (powder, gel, paste or liquid) leaving one bowl white. Decorate cookies as desired. For cupcakes, use white icing for the top and pipe black icing for the spider web and spider. Keep bowls covered with plastic wrap to prevent drying out. I Alzheimers disease by MoUy W'aUams Pahrump Valley Home Health Alzheimers (AD) affects an estimated four mimon Ameri adults. It is considered to be the most common type of dementing illness. AD is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain which results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior. The exact cause of AD is unknown. Initial clinical manifesta- tions are insidious and often are attributed to forgetfulness, emo- tional upset or other illnesses. The individual becomes progres- sively more forgetful over time, particularly in relation to recent events and memory. Memory loss increases as the disorder advances and the person becomes more disoriented and confused. The ability to concentrate declines. Problem solving capabilities and judgement gradually deteriorate. The changes in the mental status induce behavioral changes. These behavioral changes include, but are not limited to, irritability, agitation and restlessness. Mood changes also occur. The person may become anxious, depressed, hostile and prone to mood swings. The diagnosis of AD is made by ruling out other disease processes which can produce symptoms akin to Alzheimers. It is important that a person experiencing progressive memory loss be examined by a physician. A person with AD will find increasing problems thinking and remembering, reading, writing, learning new information and mak- ing decisions. Eventually the person will have trouble driving, managing money or discussing current events. As the disease contin- ues to progress, the person may not recognize their own image, may have trouble bathing and dressing and may not recognize their spouse, children or other family members. People with AD may lose the ability to control bodily functions, and lose basic social skills. Eventually the disease leaves the person unable to perform even the easiest tasks of daily living. It leaves the person totally dependent on others for their safety, constant care and supervision, r The risk factors and influences upon the progression of AD are unknown. AD is about twice as common in women as in men. Scientists are cunenfly searching for new treatments that could slow or halt the progress of the disease. AD is tie major cause of nursing home placement in the ekledy. Alzheimers disease is not curable, but h'eatment is essential. For more informon on Alzheimers, phone the Alzheirners Association in Las Vegas at (702) 248-2770. Stay alert, be aware and take care