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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
August 28, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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August 28, 1997

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:iJ i  12AA Thursday, August 28, 1997 Pahrump Valley Gazette 0 N I 0 N S C J, LJ L i F L :) 'lg E P E P P E R S Vegetable planting guide for Las Vegas developed by Bill Y. Tomiyasu from years 1918 to 1925. Planting dates might change slightly due to earlier maturing varieties available at the present date. Beans (all varieties) Beets Broccoli Brussels Sprouts Com (2 best dates and in-between)- Carrots Cauliflower Chinese Cabbage Cabbage --Summer cabbage Fall cabbage Cucumber Dikon-Radish Eggplant Endive Kale Lettuce - Head Leaf Lettuce Melons-watermelon, cantaloupe, casaba, honeydew- Mustard Onions-green Onions-dry Okr Pea ,,i varieties) Peanuts PepF',s (all varieties) Radish Spinach - Sweet Potato Swiss Chard Squash (all varieties) Turnips Tc, matoes Courte of N. "Total" March to July December to January September September March 15 to July 15 February to May June 15 to July 15 August August June 15 to July 15 March to August August 20 to September 15 March to July May to June March to April August 25 to Sep. All year March to July July 1-15 September to June November to February April November April to May March to July Anytime February for early crop- September winter crop Plants in April July March to July August 15 to Sep. March to July Tomiya C 0 R N Understanding Desert Soils by IV. "l'orni" Tomiyasu My dad found very early on (1916 to be exact) that the soils of the desert had problems. Seeds would not sprout and traditional furrow irrigation techniques did not produce good growth. He rapidly realized that the water was very hard (high in mineral salts). He set out to discover just how hard it was. He found out that it was referred to as "alkali water," loaded with calcium, magnesium sulfates and carbonates. He found that the valley and the mountains had an abundance of calcium compounds and that all the rocks and soils in the valley were permeated with calcium carbonates. They produced white alkali on the surface of irrigated cropland. He also discovered that this white alkali tended to cover the highest parts of the cropland. Why? Because it was carried to the uppermost part of the soil and when the water evaporated, it left the alkali dry and white on top of the furrows. He then experimented on how to plant seeds so they would sprout in four to five days and continue to grow and produce crops of commercial value. He found the best success when he ran a large head of water down the furrows and noted the high water mark. The next day, he would plant the seeds directly below (about 1/4 inch) below the high water mark he had defined the day before. After seeding, he would irrigate the field with an average amount of water, just below the high water mark. The seed sprouted normally and, produced a good commercial crop. The initial large head of water helped to leach salts out of the soil. Since salts also accumulate at the high water mark, by planting just below this level, the seeds were below any alkaline crust, which interferes with seed germination. He also discovered that organic matter mixed into the soil by plowing and discing helped fight the ravages of alkali in the soil and water. The acids produced by the organic matter (primarily manure and compost) helped reduce the alkali to a manageable level. Our desert soils are almost completely devoid of organic materials, nitrogen, phosphates, potash and micronutrients. If we add organic material to the soil, incorporate will, and irrigate properly, then any "crop," including turf and ornamen- tals, will produce in abundance. The 162 different soil profiles the soil conservation district has defined for us are most helpful in determining what we need to do to help the soil support plant life. But we must realize that the crucial missing element for all desert soils is organic matter. By. studying our soil, adding proper amendments and using proper planting and maintenance practices, we can make our soils productive. Courte of  Trees and Turf C U C U M B E R S T 0 M A T 0 E S