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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
August 21, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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August 21, 1997

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10 Thursday, Augur1 21, 1997 Palmamp Valley Gazette Pahrump or Tonopah -- It's the Code of the West' Former urban dwellers are flocking into Pahrump in record numbers. This small town in southern Nye County has suddenly become tl "in" place to be. This should come as no great revelation to any of us. Not that many years ago Pahrump was just a bump in the road and Tonopah voters, and commissioners, often made concessions to keep the area alive. That will surprise all but the Pahrump old-timers. Cards are reversed now as Tonopah needs to rely on Pahrump to help it stay alive. The only reason for that is the vast amount of attention that needs to be applied to the Pabrump area due to the sudden and huge increase in population. Nye County has always been a "frontier" county. Sage- brush, rattlesnakes, coyotes, rabbits and a few people. Ser- vices have never been anything to brag about. Rather few and far between, in fact. Commercial businesses always had somewhat higher prices because of the remote locations. Within a ma of a few years the population boom in the southern county has stressed the services of a previously considered "frontier" area. But !o, we are not alone. In fact, there is a country-wide problem here. All over the U.S.A. people who have spent all their lives in the city are suddenly moving into the countryside. As in Nye, this is stressing the budgets and services of previously small population counties. The single greatest problem is the inability of "urban people" moving into the area to understand that the county cannot supply the same type services that they've become accustomed to. If you move from Los Angeles to Pahrump there is going to he some civic shock and it should be expected. A recent article in USA Toy brought this reality to home. Larimer County, Colorado, is expencing the same prob- lems that we,re having in Nye. Primarily, an influx of urban folks. John Clarke, County Commissioner, has had his fill of it and put his foot down in the form of the "Code of the West." Specifically, he has written what amounts to an owners manual for new people coming into the county. . II I NORTHERN EXPOSURE Clarke has had enugh f pcpie com, plbout, "cows in our yard." Larimereland.Clark   aJ has explained himself blne in the face at if you don't like the cows in your yardyou need to fence your land. He's also sick and tired of constant complaints about county services, so he took his pen to paper and wrote the new "Code of the West." This fascinating insight into our own problems can be found on the internct at: http://www.eoJarimer.co.us/larimer.htm then click on "Code of the West" According to Clarke, several people bought homes up a road that was clearly marked, "Snow Removal/',lot Provided Beyond This Point." They complained the following winter when the county didn't clear the road of snow. They were somehow under the belief that if they built it, the county would come. Clarke told them to clear their own snow. Here are some samples from the "Code of the West" as I found it on the Internet: "Emergency response times (sheriff, fire suppression, medical care, etc.) cannot be guaranteed. Under some ex- treme conditions, you may find that emergency response is extremely slow and expensive. "School buses travel only on maintained county roads that have been designated as school bus routes by the school district. You may need to drive your children to the nearest county road so they can get to school. "In extreme weather, even county maintained roads can become impassable. You may need a four wheel drive vehicle with chains for all four wheels to travel during those episodes, which could last for several days. "Mail delivery is not available to all areas of the county. "If sewer service is available to your property, it may be expensive to hook into the system. "If you have access to a supply of treated domestic water, the tap fees can be expensive. "Power outages can occur in outlying areas with more frequency than in more developed areas. "rrash removal can be much more expensive in a rural area than in a city. , "Animals and their manure can cause objectionable odors." What else can we say? "Unpaved roads generate dust. Dust is a fact of life for most rural residents." After about ten pages of things to reflect about, the "Code of the West" concludes: "Even though you pay property taxes tO the county, the amount of tax collected does not cover the cost of the services provided to rural residents. In general, those living in the cities subsidize the lifestyle of those who live in the country by making up the shortfall between the cost of services and the revenues received from rural dwellers." Copies of the booklet, "Code of the West", have been requested by county commissioners throughout the West and the Mid-west. Food for thought. Gambling is productive and rational by Richard Reul The War on Gambling is about to take its place along- side the War on Drugs, as part of a crusade for decency. Although some form of gambling is now legal in all but two states (Hawaii and Utah), gambling prohibitionists are confidently predicting an absolute nationwide ban by early in the next century. It is by no means self-evident that they are wrong. Most people enjoy gambling in moderation and will gamble occasionally if they can. Yet these same people oppose Partber liberalization of gaming laws. It is one of those ngs that is obviously harmless when you and I do it, but is fraught with menace if millions of others can do it tool The reigning ideology tells us that gambling is evil. It is selfish, addictive and provides "false hope." As a dangerous competitor to some forms of religion, it offers the prospect of a greatly improved future life...at rather long odds. One of the arguments against gambling is that it is "unproductive." Unlike farming or manufacturing, noth- ing is produced and no new wealth is created. But people spend millions of dollars each year on unproductive con- certs, shows, religious services and athletic events. Like these, gambling fills a human want. Casinos are often accused of taking advantage of their customers. In Las Vegas, about 95% of the money wagered is returned as winnings. An appreciable chunk of the remain- ing 5% goes as taxes. How many other businesses can survive with such a low profit margin7 Competition keeps it this way...those casinos who curtail winnings are patronized less. Changing Patterns by Richard Reul ' llllllllllllll 00Jllll[lllllll .............. i[llllllllllll illlllllllllll Illlllllllllll Illlllllllllfl III!i111111111 A lottery is simply a deal where a lot of people put in a small sum and then a few of these people, picked at random, collect large sums. (after allowing for organizational and administrative expenses.) In a lottery a low income person has a chance to better himself and become affluent. The odds are long but acceptable to flae players. Insurance, which is highly respected, is a negative lottery. A responsible citizen pays a relatively small premium to protect himself against a low probability risk of a large outlay in the future. The stock and commodity markets are gener- ally accepted forms of gambling, but only the affluent can afford them. The anti-gambling zealots say that all games and lotteries are rigged against the players. This is certainly not true in Nevada, where games are carefully watched for honesty and the Gaming Control Board has the power to instantly, pull a gambling license. Competition, as noted earlier, also plays a role. I know several professional gamblers who make comfortable annual incomes from playing blackjack and/or the video slots. They are adequately bankrolled and well versed in probability theory. The money they win is lost by casual or recreational gamblers who never bothered to learn. For the most part, the professionals are tolerated by the casinos and, in fact, have been employed by them to teach courses to interested patrons. One such professional approached an anti-gambling organization and offered to teach its "compulsive gamblers" how to win. His services were vituperally rejected; he was sending the wrong mes- sage! Nothing will apparently affect the puritans who would destroy every American's chances to have fun...be it smok- ing, drinking or gambling. They would deny a non-affluent person the chance tq,elevate his station and instead keep his nose to the grindstone. Author's Note: Much of this column was drawn from an article by David Ramsay Smith in erty Magazine. has a tall tale of Lake Tahoe Part II How are we doing so far? If you've read last week's column you probably didn't have anything else to read or there was nothing on the tube worth watching, which is usually the ease. I wan t to go back to Gulala, Calif. where they hold the Art In The Redwoods show. I sold some stuff there last year and want to pick up a few more redwood trees like I got last time we were there. Them things really grow out here in the desert. I haven't see any yet. But I think there was a herd or whatever you call a bunch of spored owls nesting in one of the trees we brought back. The wife has been parking her car under it and she has been complaining about the white spots  has been keeps parking under the tree in a little different spot each day, in no time, the car will be all white which will help deflect the suns rays and also the accumulation will help protect the paint. Works pretty good as the cab of my truck Slim Sez by Slim Sirnes stays a lot cooler. As you've probably guessed, I still haven't figured out what happens in the action packed saga which has been unfolding. When this happens on the tube they go to a bunch of commercials. So I think I will go eat lunch and take a nap. I'm back. This being a couple of days later and taking a t nap didn't help as far as story-wise went. During this nap interlude, Bill Clinton and his buddy AI were up at Lake Tahoe doing government things, mostly promising etc. Maybe what I could do is go back to the start of this story and say it was the terrorist who goofed, they hijacked the wrong ship. As I still don't have an ending I think what I will do is to finish this when I get back from my trip. By that time you will have forgotten what it was all about or your subscrip- tion will run out. I will leave you with the following. It kinda pertains to seafaring stuff. "Do you know what the shrimp said when it became entangled in sea weed? Kelp! Kelp !" Have a good one...