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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
July 24, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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July 24, 1997

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r Outdoors / a Operation Game Thief." 1-800-992-3030 Operation Cal- Tip: 1-800-952-5400 Pahrump.Valley Gaete Thu.llay., Jtliy -. 1997 25 i i  5: .Y I I I seen in striped bass fisheries at other reservoirs. This means there are now fewer trout in the trophy catgory, but greater numbers offish in the delicious 14 to 18- inch range. that smaller fish are mpre predators, so they can compete better the large fish for food. As a result, Lake Mojave is seeing a good population offish that are around 16iaehe.s; but fewer that are 20 inches or larger. Fishing Report by Geoff Schncidcr Nevada Division of Wildlife LAKE MEAD-Strited bass fishing tapered off over-the weekend, but should improve as more moderate weather settles on the area. Stripers continue to feed on small threadfin shad on the lake's surface. Lures worked on or just below the surface have been catching the fish. Trollers are also finding success by going deep. Boaters continue to have some success for stripers at night around the intake tower near Lake Mead Marina. The fish that are now being caught in that area are smaller than those that were being taken earlier in the month. Both boaters and shore anglers are being advised to watch for hidden obstacles that have been covered by the rising water level. LAKE MOHAVE .Fishing continues to be slow in the Willow Beach area, despite last week's trout plant. Some action for small stripers is still being found in the narrows above Cottonwood Cove and around the north power lines. Trolling and drifting with anchovies are the preferred methods of catching the fish. Largemouth bass fishing remains slow as the fish have taken to the sefety of deep water. WAYNE E. KIRCH WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA o Rainbow trout fishing is sl0w while the action for largemouth bass has been very good at Adams-McGill Reservoir. Artificial worms, grubsand tube lures have been catching the bass. Anglers report that the bass prefer blue baits because they match the recent dragon fly hatch. EAGLE VALLEY RESERVOIR -Fishing continues to be frustrating because of the large amount of weed growth in the lake. Anglers fishing from shore with spinners report some success in the morning and evening hours. ECHO CANYON RESERVOIR - Rainbow trout and crappie fishing have been poor. Bass fishing is fair, but the fish are small. SCHROEDER RESERVOIR -Trout fishing has been slow from shore. Anglers fishing with flies from float tubes have had some success for small rainbows. I I II Finding your way in the desert by Ed Tomchin a compass along. It's also a good idea to have a map of the Usingacompasst0findyourwayisnotdifficultwhenyou area in which you're hiking, but that's not necessary. Find know how. However, here in the Southern Nevada desert, a flat surface on which to set your compass and wait till the where mineralized deposits are frequent, using acompass can needle stops shaking and swinging back and forth. be a bit more frustrating. Mineral deposits, especially those Gently turn the compass housing until the North marking containing iron ores, will cause a compass needle to vary lies in the same direction as the compass needle points. This sufficiently to be dangerous to the cross-country hiker or is magnetic north, which in the Spring Mountains is 13.5 someone trying to find their way back out of the outback, degrees east of true north. Making occasional reality checks between the sun and Againgentlyturnthecompasshousingtothelefi(counter- your compass will eliminate most of these problems. Here in clockwise) until the markings indicating 13.5 degrees east of the Southern Nevada latitudes, the sun generally rises in the north line up with the compass needle. At this point your southeast and sets in the southwest. How far south depends compass is oriented to true north. Then find northwest on the on whether it is winter or summer, compass housing. In the winter, the sun is quite a bit further south than in the Pick out a landmark in that northwest direction that is summer, but you can always depend on it arcing across the some distance away, pack up your compass and start hiking sky toward the south. So if the sun is at high noon, it will still toward it. Use a relatively distant peak, large boulder or tree. cast a shadow to the north. So if you want to be heading north When you arrive at that landmark, take another reading on and the sun is in your face, you know you're heading in the your compass, reset your heading using the method de- wrong direction, scribed above. Repeat this process till you come to Wheeler You can also Conduct a reality check by using a watch. If Pass Road and head on home. your timepiece is set correctly it is basically in keeping with If you have to deviate from the heading you are on due to the sun's position in the sky. Therefore, you can always get the topography of the terrain, take a new reading as above a rough idea of the main or cardinal compass points (North, and pick a new landmark to head toward. South, East and West) in the following manner. (Fig. 1) For instance, if you picked a distant peak as your land- Place a small stick or twig in the sand so it casts a shadow, mark, and you are forced to travel a half mile to the left get Alignthisshadowwiththehourhandofthewatch. Withyour around a large dropoff, your original landmark will no watch in this position, draw a line through the center of the longer be in the direction you want to travel, so a new dial halfway between the hour hand and the noon position, reading is necessary to find the right direction. This is true north. Using a compass interactively with a map will truly At night, you can conduct a reality check by finding the assure accuracy and allow you to safely navigate completely Big Dipper. The bottom two stars of the cup's lower side unknown terrain. USGS topo maps, DeLorme's Nevada point to Polaris, or the North Star, which always hovers over Atlas & Gazetteer, or the Nevada Department of true north. (Fig. 2) Transportation's Nevada Map Atlas are excellent for cross- Before you attempt to use a compass to find your way in country travel. the desert, you should become familiar with it. On-the-job You can get individual topo maps for any area you wish training is not recommended where you are depending on the to traverse. If you have either DeLorme' s or the NDOT's compass to get in and out safely, atlases, you can take them to your local copy shop and Most compasses have a baseline which is usually marked simply make copies of the areas in which you are traveling. as your "direction of travel". The compass housing is usually This way you don't have to cart the entire book with you, and marked with the cardinal points and a number of sub-divi- it saves wear and tear on the book. ':* sions (either in degrees from 0 to 360, or line markings The rules are simple. These maps are marked and aligned indicating points such as Northeast, Southwest, South-south with true north. This means that the edge of any of these east, etc.) (Fig. 3) maps is pointed toward true north. Knowing that, you can Inside the compass housing is a needle which is marked in align your compass with true north on the map using ta.e some manner indicating the direction of north. Remember, above technique. Remember to correct either your compass since a compass works off magnetic north, the direction this or your heading 13.5 degrees to allow for declination,ior needle points is not true north. This is important, magnetic north here in Southern Nevada. " Here in Nye County and throughout most of Southern USGS topographic maps point out both true nortl] and Nevada the difference or declination between magnetic north magnetic north for the area they cover, making oriention where the compass needle points and true north is 13.5 even simpler. degrees. What this means is that a compass needle will point Once you have made the correction for magnetic north, 13.5 degrees east of true north. This changes as your location you will know in what direction to head to get where you changes. For instance, in Rent, the declination is 15.5 want to go. Again, don't forget to mark a distant recogniz- degrees east of true north, able landmark to indicate your direction, and take frequent Always find out in advance what the declination or corn- reality checks to make sure you are on course. pass error is for the area in which you are trekking. It could One final word. Don't forget about the uncertainty save your life. As an example, over the course of a 10-mile principle. This Murphy's Law says that you can't always trek, adifferenceofl3.5degreesinyourheadingcouldcause expect to exactly hit what you're aiming for. You must you to miss your target by as much as 2.5 miles. That's quite expect to get a little off course, and how much depends on a bit if you're aiming at a small target, the terrain around you, the accuracy of your compass, the Actually, though, using a compass is fairly easy. Suppose presence of ore deposits, and other factors. you're up in the Spring Mountain wilderness around Bo- Generally, the uncertainty principle rule of thumb is that nanza Peak and wanttogettoWheelerPassRoad. Youknow you will be offat least five percent of the distance you have that if you head northwest, you'll eventually run into it. traveled. So if you are hiking 10 miles, you can expect to be But what direction is northwest? If you don't have a off by half a mile. You can correct for this by taking new compass, and it's a cloudy August day, you might be stuck readings and re-orienting yourself at least every couple of for a while. Of course, if you're out in wilderness country miles. Taking new headings every mile is not out of line if aad don't have a compass, you almost deserve to be lost. (I you are in rough terrain. said almost!) In time, this equates to approximately every 15 minutes However, let's assumethat you to half hour, depending on the terrain. If you are crossing fiat 1 are smart enough to have packed desert, every half hour is sufficient, and wiU also allow ybu to correct for any mineral deposits which may have been t:   affecting your last orientation.  ], Before you take off on a lengthy desert trek where you depend on a compass, go out and practice in areas where you "".. know the country. This will give you vtal experience and  NORTH allow you to feel comfortable "'"-k '   with your calculations when .... _... ' . you really need that confi- dence. at least two compasses. One  i{"" can always he a reality check I "."w  . against the other, and if you .,: lose or break one, you have -, . another on which to rely.