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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
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January 30, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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January 30, 1997
 

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e Outdoors / I I Operation Game Thief: 1.800-992-3030 Operation Cal- Tip: 1-800-952-5400 II I Pahrump Valley Gazette, Thursday, January 30, 1997 31 Wilderness First Aid Myths Is it Duck or Duct? and what does that have to do with outdoors ? by Ed Tomchin Although some manufacturers have bent to the will of the people and started packaging something called duck tape, there is no substitute for the original DUCT TAPE, so called because its original use was to wrap and seal joints in the sheet metal duct work which networks your home tO provide winter heat and summer cool. But did youknow it is also an outdoorsman's most useful piece of equipment. It nght up there with the pocket knife, matches, and a good hatchet. Add a roll of duct tape to your provision list. Keep a roll in your camping gear, tool box, car trunk, and garage. You'll soon find hundreds of uses for it, both at home and especially in camp .... Ducttape by Ed Tomchin Most common wilderness first aid advice is myth which can be deadly or at best, severely debilitating. In time for the upcoming big game hunting season, the Pahrump Valley Gazette is happy to dispel some of the more dangerous wilderness first aid myths. TOURNIQUETS: It can be fatal to use a tourniquet to stop serious bleeding. Unless you've cut an artery, eventually all bleeding stops. The problem is that it doesn't always stop soon enough to save your life. However, serious blood loss can frequently be stopped without using a tourniquet, which can crush blood vessels and tissue, cutting off all blood flow, and leading to the loss of a hand, arm, leg or foot due to loss of blood circulation. If you do use a tourniquet, the absolute maximum it should be left on is 45 minutes. When out in the wild, small bleeding wounds are best left to stbp on their own. The reason being that bleed- ing is a torm of cleansing the wound, flushing out any in- fectious bacteria. If the wound is larger you should apply direct pressure to the wound site to encourage the blood flow to stop. Use any handy clean cloth for this purpose, such as a shirt, hand- kerchief, or towel. Cover the wound and press hard directly where the blood is flowing. It also helps to elevate the wound above the heart to assist in reducing blood pressure. This reduces the flow of blood to the wound. You should continue direct pressure and elevation until the wound stops bleeding, then clean it, dress it, and apply a bandage, but not tightly enough to act like a tourniquet. HYPOTHERMIA: A common and favored myth is that a shot of booze will help to warm up a cold or hypothermic person. The truth is that alcohol will have the opposite effect. It causes blood vessels to dilate, which causes the familiar "warming" effect, but it actually increases heat loss from the skin. Alcohol also negatively affects your sense of judgment and interferes with coordination; conditions which can be deadly in a cold wilderness situation. Hypothermia is a dangerous and complicated condition and the victim needs professional medical attention as soon as possible. Be careful handling a hypothermic person as violent or quick movements can cause sudden death as the heart is very weak when the body is cold. Insulate the victim with any available covering (i.e., blankets, sleeping bag, additional clothing). Do not attempt to rewarm the victim with a roaring campfire, hot water, etc., nor should any attempt be made to give food or drink. If the person is unconscious, do not raise their feet, which will cause blood from the legs to flow into the body "cOre" and further depress the body temperature. As soon as possible seek assistance to evacuate the person to a place where they can receive immediate medical treatment. FROSTBITE: There is a perpetual myth that you should rub snow on frostbitten body parts. This is similar to using gasoline to put out a fire. In truth, body parts which are frozen hard should be wrapped in any dry, insulating material, then evacuate the person imme- diately to a place where they can receive medical treatment. Don't waste time attempting to rewarm the victim. Frozen parts which are still soft and somewhat pliable should be rewarmed gently with skin-to-skin con- tact. Do not use fires or rub- bing as this will cause severe pain as thawing occurs rap- idly. Once the body part is thawed, it should be carefully protected against refreezing. Do not try to "tough it out", but rather seek addi- tional medical treatment to assure there is no perma- nent damage. BURNS: It is another old and faithful myth that you should put butter on burns. The truth is that any type ofoil is bad for a burn since the oil traps heat and adds to the burning process itself. The best burn treatment is plunging the offended part into cool water or wrap it in water-soaked cloth. The intent is to cool the burned area for several minutes (to remove any residual heat which will continue to burn the tissue). This is one time when it may be helpful to put the burned part into snow. After the wound is cooled, cover it with a sterile gauze dressing and, depending on the severity of the burn, seek medical assistance. SPRAINS: The old myth is to soak a sprained part in warm water. The truth is that heat increases the swelling, adds to the pain and slows healing. The best way to treat a sprain is to apply cold (ice, cold packs, cold water, evaporation from a wet cloth, etc.), which slows the circulation and reduces swelling. The injured limb should be wrapped to provide some form of compression, then rested and elevated (to further reduce blood flow.) Continue the above treatment for about half an hour, then let the sprained part rewarm naturally before trying to use it. This treatment should be applied several times during the day for a couple of days if possible. Hunter education necessary for big game license by Ed Tomchin According to Nevada law, all hunters born in 1960 or later (meaning age 37 or younger), are required (o successfully complete one of the hunter education classes offered by the Nevada Division of Wildlife before being allowed to pur- chase a hunting license for big game. Big game, according to the Nevada Revised Statutes, includes any species of prong-horned antelope, bear, deer, mountain goat, mountain lion, bighorn sheep or elk. When applying for a big game hunting license, all hunters which fall within the above age category are required to show a valid hunter education card in order to be issued a hunting license. These cards can only be acquired upon the successful completion of one of NDOW, s classes. NDOW is urging all hunters to attend a hunter education class now in order to avoid the rush for classes that occurs just prior to the big game application deadline in March, 1997. The first hunter education classes are scheduled for Febru- ary 8-9, 1997 from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., at the NDOW's Las Vegas office at 4747 West Vegas Drive. Another class is scheduled for February 10-13 from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at the Johnson Community School at Alta and Buffalo. Registration for both classes begin on Monday, February 3, 1997 at 8:00 a.m. To enroll, call the Nevada Division of Wildlife at (702) 486-5127. by Geoff Schneider Nevada Division of Wildlife LAKE MEAD - Typical winter fishing is being found throughout the lake as anglers must spend a considerable amount of effort to catch a fish, according to the Nevada Division of Wildlife. Boaters have reported catching striped bass up to six pounds by trolling in Government Wash and Gypsum Wash. Live shad has been the most productive bait for catching the fish. Live shad are also catching an occasional fish at Pumphouse cove. The only other success for stripers has been coming from below the campground at Las Vegas Bay Marina. Fishing has been very slow for largemouth bass and channel catfish Rainbow trout are being taken following NDOW's weekly plants. LAKE MOHAVE - One shore angler hit the jackpot Friday afternoon at Aztec Wash as he reeled in three striped bass that weighed from 8 to 12 pounds. The fish were caught by casting an A.C. Plug. Despite the impressive catch, the fishing has been slow at the lake with most anglers having little or nothing to show for their efforts. The only consistent area has been Cottonwood cove where anglers are drifting anchovies at night for small stripers. EAGLE VALLEY RESERVOIR - Ice fishing has been fair for stocked rainbow trout. Small jigs and Power Bait have been catching the fish. The ice is now 10 to 12 inches thick and evening temperatures have been dipping to the single digits at the Lincoln County Lake. ECHO CANYON RESERVOIR- Roads leading to the lake are very muddy. Anglers should avoid the reservoir until road conditions improve. WAYNE E. KIRCH WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA - Some anglers have been venturing onto the ice despite it being dangerously thin. The Division of Wild- life cautions anglers that conditions are not safe for ice fishing.