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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
January 23, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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January 23, 1997

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PV Rough Riders award winners by Patti Babcock The Pahrump Valley Rough Riders held their annual awards banquet Saturday at 4:30 p.m. at the Double Eagle. Fifty-four silver buckles crafted by Montana Sil- versmiths were awarded. Each rider who received a buckle also received a plaque and one or more items of tack. First place winners in each category received a saddle, a silver buckle and a plaque. The three top winners in each category are: 0-7 years: First place: Kaylee Baras Second place: Cheyenne DiCamillo Third place: James Cadigan 8-10 years: First place: Jesse Bowen Second Place: Miranda DeCamillo . Third place: Robert Tibbits 11-13 years: First place: Brittany Roberton Second place: Candice Sanderson Third place: Dallas Ryan 14 and over: First place: Ronnie Johnson Second place: Teea Ball Third place: Aimee Domina The PV Rough Riders provides an opportunity for the entire family to share their love for horses, riding and competing. There were a number of families where par- ents and children all went home with silver buckles. The Cadigan family is one winning group. Mother Anna; Amanda, 10; James, 8; and Steven, 5, all went home with buckles, plaques and tack. Dad Jim and the youngest family member Mitchel, 3, didn't compete. Jim says, "Mitchel wants a better horse so he can com- pete in the 1997 season." The first point show of the season will be held on Saturday; February 15 at the arena at Basin and High- way 160 at 10 a.m. Partici- pants need to arrive by 8:30 a.m. to sign up and get ready. They also need to pay their annual dues, $15 per family, by the second show. Membership is open to interested people of all ages. Money for the awards, $11,000 was spent this year, is raised by fundraisers held throughout the year includ- ing car washes, a booth at the Harvest Festival and Nutrition in the broodmare by Gerald Henseler, DVM Volumes have been written about the feeding of the horse. This article will concentrate on feeding of the broodmare. It does not have to be complicated. Some common sense and a few basic rules of thumb will eliminate much confusion about broodmare nutrition. First, before you consider breeding, look at the broodmare. It is incorrect to believe that a mare on the thin side will cycle better. "In a group of 60 mares studied, 90% of fat mares, 77% of mares judged to be in good condition and only 46% of the thin mares ovulated. Broodmares should be kept in reasonably good flesh, about 15% body fat, throughout the year." Mares that are thin or even in good condition will benefit from improved nutrition and increased energy intake called "nutritional flushing" for improved estrus signs and ovulation, Fat mares need to be kept at their current level of nutrition and not allowed to lose weight at breeding time. Once she is confirmed pregnant, gradual weight loss can be allowed over four to six weeks until she is at her optimum weight. The question is often asked, "Should we use supplements in the brood mare.'?" The answer is complicated by the fact that we don' t know enough about what is in the hay she is being fed. Ideally, each batch of hay should be analyzed for protein, digestible energy, fiber and trace minerals. Generally, though, we don't have that luxury. We usually don't know who grew the hay, when they last fertilized or how many years crops of hay were taken from the field without replacing trace minerals. Think for a moment what we expect from a broodmare. She is pregnant 340 days each year, and then produces milk for her foal another four or five months while getting pregnant again. This leaves little time for her to replenish her reserves of energy and trace minerals. Some mares will produce up to 40 pounds of milk per day at their peak lactation. This forces the mare to draw on her own body stores to meet the demands of a nursing foal if she is under fed. We need to divide the broodmares into three groups: the pregnant mares in the first eight months, the pregnant mares in the last 90 days, and the lactating mares. In the first eight months of pregnancy, the foal puts very few demands on the mare. During this time, we are feeding the mare only a good quality hay with enough grain to maintain good body condi- tion. Of course, clean water and a trace mineral salt block are present, free choice. During the last 90 days of pregnancy, the foal doubles in size. This is the time that demands on the mare increase for energy 20%, for calcium 85%, for protein 35% for phosphorus 100%, for magnesium and potassium 25% and for vitamin A 100%, and for vitamin E by 60% according to the National Research Council (NRC). Deficiencies in trace minerals such as copper, manganese, zinc and selenium can lead to contracted tendons and white muscle disease in the foal. Remember, however, we are still not feeding for two. These needs can usually be met by switching the mare to alfalfa, if she has been on grass hay, and gradually increasing her grain by 20%. Now the mare has foaled with little trouble and is ready to raise her foal. This is the time we are feeding for two. A mare needs to eat enough high quality food to produce ad- equate milk to feed her foal as well as maintain fertility and body weight to breed back in the current season. The peak in her lactation occurs six to eight weeks after foaling. During this time, in- creases in a good quality 16% crude protein grain mix up to 16 pounds per day fed two to three times per day are neces- leffrey Ross Gunter, M.D. Diplomate American Board of Dermatology Fellow American Academy of Dermatology Fellow American Society for Dermatologic Surgery PAHRUMP DERMATOLOGY Skin Diseases Skin Allergy Testing. Skin Growths Moles Warts Rashes Cosmetic Chemical Peels Fruit Peels Spider Veins Skin Cancer Specialist Mohs Micrographic Surgery Cutaneous Surgery Acne Treatment Retin-A Accutane Ache Surgery Medicare Assignment Most Major Insurance Accepted Courtesy Insurance Billing CALL 727-0146 1330 Highway 160, Suite 12 * Pahrump Pahrump Valley Gazette, Thursday, January 23, 1997 29 operating the concession stand at the PVRR events. A number of sponsoring businesses also help. Spon- sors for the 1996 year are: Z's Feed, Attitudes, Car- ousel Tack, Shadow Moun- tain Feed, Pacific Sod, Desert Sand and Gravel, Nu Dunes, 7-R Equine, Casey's Country Corner, Adventureland Video all local businesses and I.S.A. lntermountain Farmers of Las Vegas. The Double Eagle pro- vided banquet space at a dis- count and provided "invalu- able help" in staging the event. New officers for 1997 were elected at the annual get together. They are: Dawn Pooler, president; Jack Whittcotton, vice president; Patti Leis, treasurer; Debbie Whittco,,,m, secretary; and Dorothy Scanlon, reporter. Bobby T 11 and Larry Pallan were elected arena chairmen. Fc nore information about the club contact Dawn Pooler at 727-6504. sary to maintain her condition. A 2:1 mixture of dicalcium phosphate:iodized salt can be fed free choice in a separate dish sheltered from the weather. Hay should be good quality alfalfa-grass mix feeding at least as much by weight as the grain or free choice if the mare is losing weight. A commer- cial vitamin/mineral supplement containing vitamin A, vi- tamin D, vitamin E, zinc, copper and other trace minerals should be fed at manufacturer's suggested rates. Please, do not over-supplement Selenium because it can be toxic at high levels. Once the mare has passed her lactation peak, the grain can be reduced one to two pounds per month with enough hay fed to maintain her weight until she is again safely in foal. The Best For tour Horses. Purina  Omolene* is tile #1 sweet feed in America. The superior nutrition of research-proven Omolene helps your h(Jrses stay healthier, perfi)rm better, breed cfliciently, .'illd h)ok their best. Choose the lbrmtda that fits your horses' activity and lifestyle needs. Potino 1 c AMERICA'S LEADER IN ANIMAL NUTRITION SINCE 1894 II Bring in this AD and buy Omolene products at wholesale prices offer expires 1/31/97 1tad00 Mmutta00 Ftt&, I.e. 727-5527 Cornet of Leslie and Bell Vista Roads Store Hours: Tue, Thurs., Fd. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m., Sat 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.