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Pahrump Mirror
Pahrump, Nevada
January 9, 1997     Pahrump Mirror
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January 9, 1997

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r Breeding your mare by Gerald Henseler, DVM Breeding your mare and producing a frisky foal can be one of your most enjoyable adventures. When all goes well, you have a right to be proud. Let's start at the beginning with a good mare. An old saying is, "Breed to the best, and hope for the best." A good, sound mare does not have to cost a fortune but get the best you can afford if you want a good foal. Straight legs, good feet, a balanced body and good bite are all desirable traits. Choice of stallion can make a difference in the quality of the foal by complementing the mare's good qualities and off setting some of her poor qualities. Remember to consider personality and temperament as well as physical attributes. Signs of heat in the mare are best displayed when "teased" by a stallion. Teasing means letting the stallion close to the mare, usually across a sturdy fence to avoid injury, and allowing the stallion to snort, arch his neck and "talk" to the mare to see if she is receptive. If she is not in heat, she will not let the stallion near her and will usually hold her tail down and may kick at him. If the mare is in heat, she will squat and urinate frequently raising her tail to the side. Time in heat varies from one to five days, so it is best to make arrangements for a stallion in advance. The mare comes into heat on average every 21 days during the breeding season. Horses are long day breeders which means as the day length increases in the spring, mares start to cycle. Heats become more regular and more fertile through spring and early summer. Although some mares cylce all year long, most stop having heats in the fall as days again shorten. Breeding a mare can be done several ways. In pasture breeding, the mare and stallion are turned out together allow- ing nature to take its course. With hand breeding, the mare and stallion are controlled at all times and allowed to mate once a day, usually every other day, until the mare rejects the stallion which indicates she is out of heat and hopefully has conceived. A third method of breeding involves using fresh or frozen semen and artifically breeding the mare.Care is taken to do this as cleanly as possible avoiding the contamination that occurs when mares are bred naturally. Some mares will not Obituaries conceive any other way. Artifical insemination is also very useful when the mare and stallion are in different parts of the country avoiding the expense of shipping the mare to her mate. Check with your breed association to make sure they allow artificial insemintion and recognize foals produced by this method. Let's assume the mare has shown a good, strong heat and has been bred successfully. Determining if she has conceived can be done several ways. An indirect method is to tease her around 21 days after breeding to watch for signs of heat. If she does not come into heat on schedule, there is a good chance that she is pregnant. A second method is to use ultrasound as early as 12 to 16 days after breeding. The biggest advantage here is if the mare is not pregnant, there is time to prepare for her next heat and try again. This is also a powerful tool to check for abnormali- ties in the mare's uterus, ovaries and to look for twins. The mare is not capable of carrying twins to term except in rare cases. A third method of determining prenancy is to carefully palpate the uterus manually feeling for fluid in the uterus. This can be done at 35 to 60 days after breeding. The biggest disadvantage to this method is if the mare is not pregnant, one or two heats have been missed, and valuable time lost toward gelting her to conceive this year. The last method of pregnancy detection is using a blood test after 100 days. Again, if the mare is not pregnant, Valuable time is lost: The biggest advantage of the blood test is a positive result means there is a live foal present, and i t is likely to go full term. Once the mare has been bred successfully, she will  require proper vaccination, nutrition and exercise. She should be vaccinated with Pneumobort-K at five, seven and nine months post breeding to help prevent abortion caused by this virus. Vaccinate the mare with EEE, WEE and tetanus one month before her due date to help fortify the colostrum, the first milk, with antibodies the foal will need to survive once it is born. Nutrition and exercise will be discussed in the next article. STEVENS Lyman Stevens died December 31, 1996 at Sunrise Hospital in Los Vegas, he was 68. Born August 31, 1928 in Misoula, Montana; Stevens lived in Pahrump for 9 years coming form Chesapeak, Virginia. Retired from the U.S. Navy, Stevens also worked as a civil service machinist Stevens had memberships with the VFW, Moose, and Military Order Of The Louse. Stevens is survived by his wife Rosalie Stevens ofPahrump; sons Richard Stevens of Chesapeak, Va., John Stevens of Ashburn, Va., David Stevens of Charlotsville, VA., and Mark Stevens of Washington DC; daughters Vicki Parsons of Virginia Beach, Va., and Robin.Simon of Durham, N.C.; sister Myrta Mac White of Visalia, Va.; and 16 grandchildren. Services will be January 5, 1997 at the Moose Lodge. All arrangements have been handled by Neptune Society of Nye County. CLARK James Joel Clark, 76, died January 1,1997, at his residence in Pahrump. Born April 3,' !920 in Fertila, CA., Clark was a Pahrump resident for6 years coming formCanyotiCountry, CA. He is survived by his wife Dorothy Clark of Pahrump; sons Stephen Clark of Dublin, CA., and Stanley Clark of Canyon Country, CA.; brothers Paul Clark of Jacksonville, FL.; and Charles Clark of San Bernardino, CA.; and grandchildren Joel Births Clark and Donna Clark..Memorial services were held January 6, 1997 at Pahrump Comminity Church: All arrangements were handled by Neptune Society of Nye County. BADAME Her many friends and neighbors are holding a memorial service for Ruth Badame, on January 18, 1997 at 2 p.m. It will be at the Faith Community Church in Tecopa, CA. Badame was a long time resident of Tecopa. LONG George J. Long, 55, died December 31, 1996 in Los Vegas. Born July 22,1941 in Cleveland, OH., Long lived in Pahrump for 5 1/2years. Long was a retired auto body rnan and flagmanon turn four at Pahrump Valley Race Track. Long is survived by his wife Eva Long of Pahrump; daughters Yvette Long of Sacra- mento, CA., Regina Walk of Pahrump, Shannon Evans of Los Vegas, and April Bisbee of Mesa, AZ.; brothers Joe Long of Nebraska and Wayne Long of California; sisters Susan Long and Sandra Long of Nebraska; and seven grandchildren George Joseph Long Ul, Christina Walk, Amanda Florence, Tanya Evans, Glenn Michael Walk, Truitt Evans, and Charisa Bisbee, Services are private: All arrangements have been handled by Nevada Funeral Sevice of Los Vegas. II III ! BAZAN Anthony Austin was born to Maria Zayas and Jeanie Bazan on December 22 at 5:36 a.m. He weighed 6 lbs., 6 oz. and measured 18 inches. He was born at Lake Mead Hospital. His maternal grandparents, Jesse and Gwen Tooke are from Houston Texas, andhis great grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. I.H. Epperson are from Baytown, TX. He is the second child, after his brother, Javier of 21 years. I III I I Bishop Veterinary Hospital Tonopah Clinichk Dr. Lind will be in Tonopa  January 22' 1996 l['r" We wilt be oferin 9 low cost vaccinations or out Nevada clients in January. Friday, Januelry 24i F,shlake %lley at the Fishl&e Store 11 a.m. to 19:30 p.m. Fnday, January 94, Silver Peak at the Community Center 1:30 pro. to 2:30 p.m. January 25i at the Tonoph Office 9 ,,.m. to 11 a.m. Goldfield, court house rkij lot 19 p.m. to .1 p.m. Round Mountain :30 to 3:30. DHLPP/C will be $14, Fie Urv $14, feleuk $14, Rabies $4. Please have dogs on a leash and cats in a carier. During the month d February teeth cleaning will Be $48.75. For dental wore please call [of an appointment, 489-6458 or (619) 873-580t. There will Be regular office hours January 22. Pahrump Valley Gazette, Thursday, January 9, 1997 15 3321 Leslie, l Block HCR66, Box 55105 North of Bell Vista Pahrump, Nv, 89041 DAVY'S LOCKER MINI-STORAGE (702) 727-6999 Over 4,000 Plants in Stock Cactus Desert Plants Succulents Chinese Health Balls A perfect gift of well being for the holidays The Ancient Mandarins belhrvecl that Chinae Health Ilk promote well being of body and serenity of the spirit. Orcl toclay by simding check or MonGy Order for $10 with your name & Address to/Mndarln Inq:rts 2167 N. Dtcatur Blvd., Las Vegas, HV 89108 I;IICIIIE- Patrol Services Guard Services Vacation Watch Immediate Communication and ObsmaUon Duling Child Visitation. Pen0 FflF 4 Lhn Harrasment/Intimidation Ship Early Fast Computrlzed Service UPS u Fed Ex ail Next ay Parcel Pacing & sug Mall I'4'  ILl=g]]l